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What is a 95% Mortgage?

A 95% mortgage is as simple as the name would suggest; you are borrowing against 95% of the price of a property, and then you are covering the remaining 5% with your deposit. An example of this is if you looked at buying a property that was worth £150,000 with a 95% mortgage, you would be putting down £7,500 as your deposit and borrow the remaining £142,500 from the lender. 

95% Mortgage Advice in Beverley

Off the back of the March 2021 Budget, Boris Johnson announced a Mortgage Guarantee Scheme for mortgage lenders, making 95% mortgages more readily available from the bigger high street banks.   

This is fantastic news for First-Time Buyers and Home Movers alike, as this scheme will continue running until December 2022. Certain terms and conditions will apply though, which is something your Mortgage Advisor in Beverley will be able to look at, to see if you qualify.    

All our customers who opt to Get in Touch will receive a free, no-obligation mortgage consultation where one of our dedicated mortgage advisors will be able to make a recommendation on the best possible route for you to take.

Can I get a 95% mortgage?

95% mortgages are usually accessible by both First-Time Buyers in Beverley & those who are Moving Home in Beverley. Whilst saving for a 5% deposit sounds like a pretty straightforward concept, you’ll still need to have an acceptable credit score and prove that you are able to afford your monthly mortgage repayments, in order to access a 95% mortgage.

Improving your credit score

A good credit score is essential in the process of obtaining any mortgage, especially a 95% mortgage. Things like paying any current credit commitments on time, ensuring your addresses are updated and checking that you’re on the voters roll, can all help with your credit score.

Affordability 

Affordability is another one that is important to take note of. By giving the lender details of your income and monthly outgoings (things like your bank statements will be necessary for this) and any pre-existing credit commitments, your lender will be able to get a general overview of whether or not you are able to afford this type of mortgage.

Can my family help me get a 95% mortgage?

Nowadays we see lots of family members helping each other get onto the property ladder, especially parents looking to further their children’s lives. The way this usually happens is by gifting the person looking to find their home, the deposit required. Known through the industry as the “Bank of Mum & Dad, Gifted Deposits are only intended to be a gift, and not as a loan. The lender will need proof that this has been agreed, before it can be used towards your mortgage. 

How do I choose the right 95% mortgage?

When looking for a 95% mortgage, you want to make sure you have the right type of mortgage. Each mortgage type works differently, with that choice allowing you to find one that is most appropriate for your personal and financial situation. 

Some homeowners and home buyers prefer Fixed Rate or Tracker Mortgages, mortgage types which mean you either keep interest rates at a set amount for the term given or have your interest rates tracking the Bank of England base rates.

Alternatively, you might find that Interest-Only or a Repayment Mortgages are more your style. Interest-Only allows cheaper payments until you need to pay a lump sum at the end (mostly now used for Buy-to-Lets), whereas a Repayment mortgage (a normal mortgage if you’d like) means you’ll be paying interest and capital combined per month.

How can a bigger deposit help with my mortgage? 

Seeing as a mortgage is such a large financial outgoing, you need to be prepared and need to be aware. You might find things like higher interest rates, remortgaging difficulties due to less equity and then negative equity all cropping up if you’re not. 

There is no need to worry though, as all these can be avoided if you’re savvy enough with your process to begin with. The more deposit you put down for a property, the less risk the lender will see you as. 

A larger deposit, of say 10-15%, would not only reduce the rates of interest by a noticeable amount, but would also give the property more equity and reduce the risk of negative equity, thanks in part to you borrowing less against the property. 

So, whilst the risks may seem intimidating, planning ahead and saving for a bigger deposit to access something like a 90% or even an 85% mortgage will be a massive help in your mortgage journey and something you’ll be able to reap the rewards from in the future. 

Agreement in Principle and Soft Credit Searches

Mortgage Advice in Beverley

More and more people these days pay much closer attention to their credit rating, especially First Time Buyers as they tend to worry about being accepted. Consumer awareness of credit scoring is higher now than ever before. We’d say at least half of the people who contact us for the first time, have already looked at their credit report online.

There are many different credit reference agencies out there. Most people will have heard of Experian or Equifax, but we recommend potential new clients to use Check My File for a 30-day free trial, which is £14.99 a month thereafter and can be cancelled at any time. This is because of this report “sweeps” several of those reference agencies and collates the information into an easily understandable colour-coded report.

Often, clients ask if we will be doing a credit search on them, because they are aware that too many searches can have an adverse effect on their credit score. Lenders always run credit checks but we always seek a client’s permission before doing so. There are 2 different types of credit searches that Banks can run on a customer: hard searches or soft ones.

What is a hard credit search?

A hard credit search is an in-depth look at your credit report. Any financial institution carrying out one of these should seek your permission to do so. The advantage of a “hard” search is the lender is looking into your situation quite closely. If you pass the credit score then it’s fairly likely that your application will ultimately be successful. The only thing that can really go wrong from then on, is if for some reason you cannot provide satisfactory documentation to back up the information you have disclosed. Either that, or it turns out you have provided false details.

The bad news about a hard search though is that it leaves a “footprint” on your credit file. This means anyone who looks at your report in the future can see you have had a search carried out. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but if you have several footprints registered in a short period of time then it could look like you applying for lots of credit at the same time.

The footprint does not state whether your application was successful or not. However, if you have several searches over a few weeks, then lenders’ systems could wrongly assume you are being declined on the basis of; “Why else would you go to lender number 2 unless lender number 1 had said no?”.

The odd hard footprint on your record from time to time is no big deal. There’s no need to worry too much about this, just be careful not to have too many.

What is a soft credit search?

A soft credit search is a “lighter touch” look at your financial situation. This is the kind of search that would routinely be carried out on price comparison websites. This would give you an indication of what products might be available to you. It can also be useful if someone wants to verify your identity.

Some mortgage lenders do soft searches in the first instance. More and more lenders seem to be changing to doing this type of search. Whilst the financial institution doing a soft search obtains less information about you than if they had done a hard search, an agreement in principle from one of these lenders is usually still an extremely strong signal that your full application will be accepted.

You will be able to see that someone has carried out a soft search on you if you check your credit file. The good news though, is that these searches are not visible to other financial institutions like banks. This means that you can apply for an agreement in principle for a mortgage, without it damaging your credit score. This is irrespective of whether it is successful or not.

If you are wanting to make an offer on a property, we always think it is an excellent idea to have your mortgage agreement in principle in place prior to contacting the estate agent. You want to give yourselves the best possible chance of securing the property you want at the lowest price so if you can present yourselves as having your finances in place then you are definitely putting yourself in a stronger position. Having the agreement in principle also sometimes puts the agent off trying to “cross-sell” their own in-house mortgage services to you.

How Much Can I Borrow For A Mortgage in Beverley?

Mortgage Advice in Beverley

The two most common questions we are asked on a daily basis are, “Can I get a mortgage in my situation?” and “How much can I borrow?”. In this article, we explain the latter which has changed quite a lot in the past decade.

Historic Rules

Back in the ’80s and ’90s, most mortgage applications were manually underwritten. That is to say, there was lots of “human intervention” in the process of approving mortgage applications. You’d make an appointment with your Building Society Manager, and they would interview you.

They would encourage you to save with them for a while until you prove yourself credit-worthy. The manager would then grant you the equivalent of an agreement in principle. This would then be followed by advice on how much they were prepared to lend.

This sounds very much like a highly personalised process with a common-sense approach. That being said, it could lead to inconsistent decision-making. The manager has the discretion to interpret the lending manual. In other words, it would be possible to approach the same Building Society in a different town or city. You could possibly obtain a different outcome.

With a view to eradicating the above and more importantly, cut costs, Lenders moved to automated affordability calculations. “Caps” were applied so they would lend you more than, say, 3 or 4 times your household income.

As the 2000s progressed, lenders were becoming more and more generous in how much they would lend. Some lenders would offer self-certified mortgages. This was where no background checks would be carried out as regards how much an applicant actually was earning!

The market crashed and to all intents and purposes, 2008-2010 were very difficult years if you were trying to get on the property ladder. The lenders battened down the hatches and created a very cautious (over-corrected) lending environment.

Nowadays Approach

The market recovered and in 2014 the regulator launched the Mortgage Market Review (MMR). This was a new set of guidelines for Lenders to adhere to. Gone were the old-style income multipliers which took little account of household expenditure. Before 2014, two applicants earning the same could borrow roughly the same as each other.

This was irrespective of how much they spent each month. Then came new affordability models. These took a much more forensic view of how mortgage applicants managed their money on a monthly basis.

There is still a “cap” in place (most Lenders will not go past 4.75 times your annual income) but your spending habits are analysed also. So, for example, if you have high childcare costs, lots of credit commitments and a student loan you will be offered less than your work-colleague who doesn’t have any of that expenditure.

We are still constantly surprised by the large variances lender to lender in how much (or little) they will lend. Some lenders seem to penalise low-earners (perhaps they are not looking for that type of applicant), some take pension contributions as a fixed outgoing so would often lend, say a public sector worker with a big pension deduction less than a private sector and so on.

It really is horses for courses and if you need to maximise your borrowing capability to obtain the home you need to buy then you’ll definitely need a Mortgage Broker in Beverley on your side who can research the market on your behalf to see if anyone will lend you the amount you need.

Don’t Pretend You Live Somewhere You Don’t

Mortgage Advice in Beverley

When it comes to applying for a mortgage and your credit score, the fewer addresses you have on your record the better, however it seems that people are becoming savvier and aware of this.

We are now seeing more and more applicants who have moved out of their parents address into rented accommodation but think that it is a good idea to leave their bank statements, credit card and Electoral Roll information registered at their previous address.

There are good reasons why people do this, however, I’m afraid this is now a flawed strategy. Almost without fail, if you have moved to a new address, there will be some record of this on your credit report. This could be from a delivery address when you have ordered something online or a car/home insurance search and many more.

By far a better strategy for you if you are thinking about taking out a mortgage is to get all of your accounts (credit cards / current accounts) and electoral roll changed over to your new address. When updating your address on your credit file and electoral roll ensure you double check the date in and date out. If you do make a mistake with these dates it can appear that you are living in two places at the same time.
This is a more open and honest way of trying to apply for a mortgage.

Mortgage Broker in Beverley

Mortgage Advice in Beverley for Newly Qualified Teachers

Mortgage Advice in Beverley

Many schools now only offer Newly Qualified Teachers (NQT’s) a 12-month initial contract as standard. This can prove a problem for many Teachers if they want to buy a property because most of the High Street Mortgage lenders will class them as a “Contract Worker” and as such will require you to have 12 months in the role.

Fortunately, some smaller lenders are more sympathetic to this situation and will consider an application without the 12-month history. Some of the key things that can be considered are as follows:

  • No previous employment history required (so it’s fine if you have been studying up until now)
  • A 12-month first post-contract can be treated the same as a permanent role
  • Mortgages available up to one month before the start of the first contract (so you can apply in the August for example)
  • Up to 95% loan to value

Mortgage Broker in Beverley

How Much Deposit Do I Need To Buy a House in Beverley?

How much deposit you need to buy a property depends on your circumstances and what it is exactly what you are trying to do. Here we explore how much you might need given your own personal situation.

Why do I need a deposit anyway?

In years gone by 100% mortgages were readily available and indeed before their demise, Northern Rock was offering 125% loan to value mortgages, that is to say, if you were buying a property valued at £100,000 they would lend you up to £125,000.

Lenders need you to put down a deposit simply to reduce their lending risk. If they lend you 100% of the purchase price then for some reason you fall into arrears and they need to take possession of the property then it only takes a small dip in house prices for them to suffer a loss (and they don’t like that).

Also, there is a school of thought that says if you haven’t invested some of yours or your family’s money into your home then you might find it a bit too easy to “walk away” should the going get tough and you were struggling to meet your monthly payments. Also, if you are not in a position to save up say, 5% of the purchase price yourself then it could be argued that you’re not quite ready to get onto the property ladder.

Won’t the government pay the deposit for me?

No, but if you can find 5% of your own resources then you could qualify for the government’s Help to Buy equity loan scheme. This applies to new properties only. You put in 5% and the government loans you up to 20% to make up a 25% deposit. After 5 years you need to look at paying the equity loan back possibly by way of a remortgage or from savings you have been able to make in the meantime.

I have a 5% deposit – is that enough?

At the moment, yes 5% is enough in lots of circumstances. Not all Lenders will accept only a 5% deposit though so your options are more limited and normally you will need a reasonable credit score to qualify. There are lenders out there that would consider you for a 95% mortgage with an average credit score but the rate of interest would be higher.

My credit history is poor – how much do I need to put down?

Many of the specialist lenders want you to put down at least 15% deposit if you have a poor credit history, once again as above this is simply to reduce their risk in case a repossession occurs. It is much more difficult to obtain this type of mortgage than it was in the mid-2000s but it’s not impossible.

What about buy to let?

You’ve always needed to put down a larger deposit for Buy to Lets and most lenders at the moment are looking for 25%.

Can I take out a loan for the deposit?

This could be possible but the vast majority of lenders won’t let you do this, essentially this would still be 100% lending.

Can someone gift me the deposit?

Yes, this happens all the time. Generally, it’s “Bank of Mum and Dad” gifting or other family members but even family friends can gift you money as long as they can evidence the funds, prove who they are and confirm they are not expecting repayment of the gift.

Are there any circumstances at all where I don’t need a deposit?

If you are buying as a sitting tenant at a discount from the open market value, from a family member or if you qualify for a discount under the Right to Buy scheme then normally you don’t need to put any of your own money in as the equity is already “built-in” to the deal.

Please note that the above information is for reference purposes only and is not to be viewed as personal financial or mortgage advice.

Getting Prepared For A Mortgage

So, you’ve saved up for your deposit (or got the green light from “Bank of Mum and Dad”) and made the decision to move home. What’s the next step? Put simply, and in the best boy scout traditions, it’s time to get prepared.

Know where you stand

We’d recommend speaking to an experienced Mortgage Broker in Beverley as early on in the process as possible, so you know how much you can borrow for a mortgage and how much it will all cost. Obtaining an up to date credit report should also be at the top of your list, you don’t want a meaningless squabble with your mobile phone provider holding you back from buying a home. Taking the above two steps will give you a meaningful expectation of how possible this is going to be and what your budget is.

Getting organised

Your Mortgage Broker will obtain a fully credit-checked Agreement in Principle on your behalf but you’ll have to prove who you are, where you live and how much you earn. There really is loads of paperwork for you to get together so it’s a good idea to open a file for yourself and start collecting everything in advance.

Proof of ID

In terms of proving who you are you’ll need to produce some photo ID such as a Driving license or passport, if you’re a non-UK national working over here on a Visa you’ll need that too.

Proof of Address

In addition to the above, you’ll need to prove where you live. You’ll need to produce a utility bill or original bank statement dated within the last 3 months.

Last 3 months’ bank statements

The analysis of your spending habits has become one of the most important determining factors in whether you’ll qualify for a mortgage or not. Your bank statements should evidence your income and regular expenditures. Lenders will not be happy to see gambling transactions on your account, nor will they like it if you go over an agreed overdraft limit or if your direct debits bounce regularly.

Proof of Deposit

You will have to prove you have the funds in place for the deposit and also evidence this for anti-money laundering purposes. Try not to move monies around your various accounts too much as it will make evidencing the audit trail more difficult. Lenders like to see your savings building up so you’ll need to account for any large credits into your accounts.

Quite often money for deposits has been gifted by family members. These funds need to be evidenced also and the “donor” will need to sign a letter. This is to confirm it’s a non-refundable gift, not a loan.

Proof of Income

In terms of affordability, the most important thing is to be able to prove your income. If you are employed this tends to be by way of your last 3 months’ payslips and most recent P60. Lenders can take into account regular overtime, commission, shift allowance and bonus.

If you are Self Employed in Beverley then you’ll need your Accountant’s help to get the accompanying tax year overview.

A list of your expected outgoings

It’s a good idea to do your homework. Write down an estimate of your anticipated outgoings after you move house. You can work out an idea of how much the council tax and utility bills will be. In addition to that, you can work out your regular expenditures, such as food and drink. This will demonstrate how much disposable income you have available to pay your mortgage from.

As you can see from the above, it’s a real paper trail when you are applying for a mortgage but if you want your application to run like clockwork you’ll need to put the time aside to get everything together.

My own view is that it’s better to get all this at the outset and collate everything that the lender could possibly ask for. As this saves time and frustration later down the line if you’re subsequently asked for paperwork you could have had ready at the outset.

Is Your Interest Only Mortgage Ending?

Mortgage Advice in Beverley

Thousands of interest only mortgages are maturing every year and lots of mortgage-holders are not prepared to repay the capital sum owed. Here we examine how this situation has occurred and what can be done.

What is an interest only mortgage?

Interest only mortgages remain popular amongst buy to let applicants who buy up properties for extra income, but in the 80’s and 90’s most residential mortgages were set up this way. The idea was that you would only pay back the interest on the money you owed and you would pay back the capital lump sum at the end of the term.

When you took out an interest-only mortgage you may also have been advised to set up a repayment vehicle such as a low-cost endowment policy. The policy would then mature and was designed to repay the capital balance in full whilst also providing life cover through the term.

Unfortunately, many people weren’t made aware of the risks attached to these products, in particular, that there was no guarantee the policy would mature for a sufficient amount to repay the mortgage debt and this led to many applicants being compensated for being mis sold to.

Why have people still got these mortgages?

It’s unlikely that you will have taken out an interest-only residential mortgage in the last few years as they are fairly difficult to get unless you can prove a robust strategy for paying back the capital. If you took out an interest-only mortgage in the late ’80s or ’90s and have not switched it to a capital repayment then it could be maturing soon and action needs to be taken.

What can be done?

If you have found yourself in this position it is highly likely that your mortgage lender will have been writing to you asking how you intend to repay the capital. It’s vital that you keep the line of communication fully open with them, they will not want to take your property into possession and will only do so as a last resort.

Here are some of the options you can consider:

  • Ask your lender to convert to a repayment mortgage
  • Sell your property and consider downsizing
  • Use savings/other investments to repay the outstanding balance
  • Remortgage to a new lender
  • Consider a Retirement Mortgage

The retirement mortgage market has become seemingly popular, largely due to the number of interest only mortgage reaching cessation with no repayment plan in place.

There are far more retirement products available these days and some providers let you service the interest element by way of regular monthly payments.

This means that when you die the capital balance is repaid from the house sale and the surplus passes to your family.

Can I still get an interest only mortgage?

Interest only mortgage still have their place, for example, you may have a portfolio of properties or other investments in place to repay the money you have borrowed. Lenders will now want to examine your strategy for repaying the loan much more deeply than they did in the past to ensure they are not left with a mortgage on their books which could default.

They will want a big deposit to go down, possibly as much as 50%. They will also want to “sense-check” your plans, for example, will you have enough equity in your home to be able to down-size to a reasonable property at a later date.

Confused About the Help to Buy Schemes?

Whilst it is widely accepted that there is a national housing shortage, the government has launched several schemes over the years. These have been under the “Help to Buy” banner, designed to get people onto the property ladder.

Unfortunately calling all the schemes Help to Buy has caused confusion amongst consumers! Here’s a look at what’s out there right now.

Schemes Currently Available

Help to Buy Equity Loan

This is the most popular scheme and is available on new build properties only. You will have seen houses being built all around Hull and Beverley. The government will lend you up to 20% of the purchase price. Usually, my customers put down a 5% deposit and take out a 75% mortgage for the rest. Remember, it’s a loan not a gift and the government have a stake in your new home until you pay them back.

Forces Help to Buy

If you’re in the armed forces, you can borrow up to 50% of your salary, up to a maximum of £25,000 interest-free towards a new home.

Some FAQs about the Help to Buy Schemes

What if I’m Self Employed?

If you’re Self Employed in Beverley, there are still a lot of options available to you. It’s a good idea to get hold of your Accountant and speak to a mortgage broker in Beverley for mortgage advice.

Do I have to buy a new build house?

Yes and no, the Help to Buy Equity Loan is for new build properties only. The Forces Help to Buy can be a new or old property.

Do you need a good credit rating?

There may be options available to you even if you have a poor credit score. Mortgage lenders are becoming increasingly competitive on criteria and many challenger banks are entering the market. Again, please seek mortgage advice from a reliable mortgage expert!

How much deposit do I need?

A minimum of 5% as a rule.

Can my deposit be gifted by my parents?

Yes, family members and sometimes friends can gift (not a loan). This is a popular way for First Time Buyers to get on the property ladder. It’s also popular for home movers moving to a bigger home. In a recent Government Survey, 27% of such buyers relied on family and friends to help with a deposit.

Do I need to pay the government back?

Yes, with the Help to Buy Equity Scheme the government loan is interest-free for 5 years. After this, you’ll pay fees. Hopefully, the property will have increased in value and you can potentially remortgage the property at any time. This likely would be to raise funds to increase your share. Remember, the government will also receive their share of any profit made.

Is Help to Buy just for First Time Buyers?

The Help to Buy Equity Loan and the Forces Help to Buy Scheme are for both First Time Buyers in Beverley and Home Movers in Beverley. However, the Help to Buy Equity Loan is designed specifically for those who have never owned a property.

How do I use the Help to Buy Scheme?

The first stage would be to have a free mortgage consultation. This is to work out your maximum borrowing and also to get a mortgage agreement in principle certificate. This puts you in a strong position to make an offer. Once you have this in place you’ll be a “Qualified Buyer”, the next step is to go and view houses!

For more information and further terms and conditions about any of the above schemes please refer to the https://www.ownyourhome.gov.uk/ website.

Gifted Deposit FAQ’s

Gifted Deposit Mortgage Advice in Beverley

In terms of gifted deposits, here are some answers to the most noteworthy questions that we receive:

Who can gift the deposit?

It tends to be “Bank of Mum and Dad” (or Gran and Grandad) that gifts the deposit to the applicant and this is acceptable to most lenders. The gift must be evidenced by way of bank statements from the donor plus their ID.

Can it be a loan rather than a gift?

In almost all circumstances it needs to be a gift and the donor will sign a letter to confirm the funds are non-refundable. They will not put a “charge” on the property you are buying. Be careful though, taking out a personal loan just before applying for a mortgage will probably have a downward effect on your credit score.  As a result, this could lead to a mortgage application being rejected. Also, the monthly payments for the loan will have to be taken into account by the mortgage lender for affordability.

Finally, how much can be gifted?

There isn’t a maximum limit on the amount of gift you can receive, although I know of at least one lender that insists you put in at least 5% deposit from your own funds.

UK Moneyman Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.
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